Hydrocortisone is a natural hydrocortisone hormone made by the adrenal glands with primary glucocorticoid and minor mineralocorticoid effects. It is a glucocorticoid receptor agonist, this drug promotes protein catabolism, gluconeogenesis, capillary wall stability, renal excretion of calcium, and suppresses immune and inflammatory responses. It is secreted by the adrenal cortex and it is involved in the stress response. It is used in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.
Class of Drugs – Glucocorticoids
Molecular Formula – C21H30O5
Molecular Weight - 362.5 g/mol
Working: This given active ingredient belongs to a group of drugs called glucocorticoids or adrenocorticoids. Hydrocortisone is a steroid hormone that blocks certain proteins in the body. It works to reduce swelling and stop the immune system from reacting to different triggers. It also affects how the body uses and stores carbohydrates, proteins, and fats and how the body balances water and electrolytes.
Uses: The mentioned medication is approved to treat a variety of skin conditions like insect bites, poison oak/ivy, eczema, dermatitis, allergies, rash, itching of the outer female genitals, anal itching. Hydrocortisone acts by reducing the swelling, itching, and redness that can occur in these types of conditions.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This mentioned medication is used in a popular brand medicine as given below:
- Cortef: 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg
This drug should not be used hydrocortisone if have allergies to it, or have a fungal infection anywhere in the body.