Theophylline is a natural alkaloid derivative of xanthine isolated from the plants. It is used as the main active component that appears to inhibit phosphodiesterase and prostaglandin production, regulate calcium flux, intracellular calcium distribution, and antagonize adenosine. This active ingredient relaxes bronchial smooth muscle, produces vasodilation, stimulates the CNS, stimulates the cardiac muscle, induces diuresis, and increases gastric acid secretion. It may also suppress inflammation and improve the contractility of the diaphragm. This medication is available in the extended-release tablet form.
Class of Drugs – Methylxanthines
Molecular Formula – C7H8N4O2
Molecular Weight - 180.16 g/mol
Working: This medication belongs to a group of drugs called methylxanthines. Theophylline acts by opening the airways in the lungs. This does this by relaxing the muscles and reducing the response to substances that cause airways to constrict. It makes it easier to breathe.
Uses: This mentioned active component is indicated for the treatment of lung diseases like asthma and COPD i.e. bronchitis, emphysema. This drug must be used regularly to prevent wheezing and shortness of breath. Theophylline is a xanthine drug that relaxes muscles, opens breathing passages, and decreases the lungs' response to irritants. Controlling symptoms of breathing problems can reduce time lost from work or school. This drug does not work right away and should not be used to relieve sudden breathing problems.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This medication is composed in a popular brand medicine as an active component as mentioned below:
- Theo-24: 300 mg, 400 mg, and 600 mg
This drug is not a rescue for asthma or bronchospasm attacks.