Glipizide is used as the main active ingredient that belongs to a group of drugs known as a sulfonylurea. It also shows hypoglycemic activity that rapidly absorbed and a short half-life. This active component is largely metabolized in the liver and the metabolites excreted in the urine. The chemical classification of this agent is Sulfonylurea Compounds. It is available in the form of a conventional tablet form for oral administration.
Class of Drugs – Sulfonylurea
Molecular Formula – C21H27N5O4S
Molecular Weight - 445.5 g/mol
Working: This given drug is approved for the treatment of an extended level of blood sugar levels. The active agent Glipizide releases insulin from the pancreas. This hormone insulin is a peptic hormone that helps moves sugar from the bloodstream to the cells, where it resides. This declines the blood sugar levels in the blood.
Uses: This integral element of the medicine is indicated with a proper diet and exercise program that can help reduce the elevated blood sugar. This is useful in people with type 2 diabetes to control high blood sugar. It can be used with other medicines that treat the condition of diabetes. Balanced blood sugar ultimately protects kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. The risk of a heart attack or stroke can be lessened due to balanced blood sugar. Glipizide is a sulfonylurea drug that lowers blood sugar by causing the release of the body's natural insulin.
Popular Brands and Dosages: Most of the popular brands used given active components to treat type 2 diabetes. Medicines are as mentioned below:
- Glucotrol: 5 mg and 10 mg
- Glucotrol XL: 5 mg and 10 mg
Medical history of liver disease, kidney disease, thyroid disease, certain hormonal conditions, electrolyte imbalance i.e. hyponatremia should be discussed with the doctor before administrating the given medicine.