Captopril is the medicine that belongs to a group of drugs known as an Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor. It is used in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. This active component acts as an anti-hypertensive ACE inhibitor drug. It is used as the main active ingredient in the various medication that treats high blood pressure.
Class of Drugs – Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor
Molecular Formula – C9H15NO3S
Molecular Weight - 217.29 g/mol
Working: This given active component Captopril is an Angiotensin II that causes the muscles surrounding blood vessels to contract so as to narrow the blood vessels. This narrowing of the vessels increases the pressure in the vessels that cause high blood pressure. This medicine is an ACE inhibitor that inhibits the activity of the enzyme ACE. It reduces the production of angiotensin II. It results in the blood vessels to enlarge or dilate and blood pressure gets reduced.
Uses: This ACE inhibitor medicine Captopril treats high blood pressure i.e. hypertension. It lowers the blood pressure that helps prevent strokes, heart attacks, and kidney problems. It also treats heart failure, protects the kidneys from harm due to high blood sugar, and to improve survival after a heart attack. Due to reduced blood pressure heart to pump blood that improves the function of a failing heart.
Popular Brands and Dosages: The active component is used in the popular brand as mentioned below:
- Capoten: 12.5 mg and 25 mg
Do not stop this medication without advised by the doctor.