Ritonavir mediation is an antiretroviral protease inhibitor used in the therapy and prevention of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This active medication can induce transient and usually asymptomatic elevations in serum aminotransferase levels. In the treatment of HBV or HCV coinfected people, highly active antiretroviral therapy with this drug may result of an exacerbation of the underlying chronic hepatitis B or C. It is a peptidomimetic agent that inhibits both HIV-1 and HIV-2 proteases.
Class of Drugs – Protease inhibitors
Molecular Formula – C37H48N6O5S2
Molecular Weight - 720.9 g/mol
Working: In the infection like HIV, the virus multiplies within the cells of the body. These are released from the cells and spread throughout the body where they infect other cells. It is perpetuated among new cells that the body produces continually. During the formation of the viruses, new proteins are produced. The proteins form the body of the virus. These are enzymes which manufacture DNA and other components for the new viruses. It is the enzyme that forms the new structural proteins and enzymes. It Ritonavir works by blocking the activity of protease and leads to the formation of defective viruses that are unable to infect the body's cells. The number of viruses in the body decreases.
Uses: This mentioned medication is indicated with other HIV medications to help control HIV infection. Ritonavir helps to reduce the amount of HIV in the body so immune system can work better. It lowers the chance of getting HIV complications like new infections, cancer and improves the quality of life. It is a protease inhibitor that increases the levels of other protease inhibitors, which helps these medications work better.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This active component is used in a popular brand medicine as given below:
- Norvir: 100 mg
This medication does not prevent the transmission of HIV among people, and it does not cure HIV infections or AIDS.