Clomifene is a medicinal drug, which has similar properties as the female hormone estrogen. This component is used to induce egg production in women who are not able to ovulate. This component is a triphenylethylene nonsteroidal ovulatory stimulant evaluated for antineoplastic activity against breast cancer. It has both estrogenic and anti-estrogenic activities that compete with estrogen so as to bind at estrogen receptor sites in target tissues. This results in the release of the pituitary gonadotropins follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone that leads to ovulation.
Class of Drugs – A triphenylethylene nonsteroidal ovulatory stimulant
Molecular Formula – C26H28ClNO
Molecular Weight - 406 g/mol
Working: This ingredient stimulates an increase in the number of hormones, which helps to support ovulation. It is not recommended for women whose ovaries are unable to make eggs properly i.e. primary pituitary or ovarian failure.
Uses: This drug is specifically prescribed to treat infertility in women desiring pregnancy. It effectively treats Infertility due to ovulatory failure.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This infertility treating medication Clomifene works as a main active ingredient in popular brands. The brand medicine is offered in dosages as:
- Clomid: 25mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg
- Serophene: 25mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg
- Milophene: 25mg, 50 mg, and 100 mg
It is recommended to evaluate the levels of sex hormones and diagnose diseases like endometrial cancer, ovarian cysts before initiating the treatment with this pill. A regular pelvic examination is needed before and during the treatment.