Sulfasalazine is a medicinal drug used as the main active component, which is a synthetic salicylic acid derivative with an affinity for connective tissues containing elastin and formulated as a prodrug, anti-inflammatory. This active component acts locally in the intestine through its active metabolites, sulfamide 5-aminosalicylic acid and salicylic acid, by a mechanism that is not clear. This appears to inhibit cyclooxygenase and prostaglandin production and is used in the management of inflammatory bowel diseases.
Class of Drugs – Anti-inflammatory drug
Molecular Formula – C18H14N4O5S
Molecular Weight - 398.4 g/mol
Working: Given medication is an anti-inflammatory drug that affects the immune system and decreases inflammation.
Uses: It is approved to treat a certain type of bowel disease called ulcerative colitis. It does not cure this condition, but it helps reduce symptoms like fever, stomach pain, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding. After an attack is treated, Sulfasalazine is also used to increase the amount of time between attacks. It works by decreasing irritation and swelling in the large intestines.
It is also used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. It helps to reduce joint pain, swelling, and stiffness. The early treatment of rheumatoid arthritis with this medicine helps to reduce/prevent further joint damage so you can do more of the normal daily activities. It is indicated with other drugs, rest, and physical therapy in people who have not responded to other medications.
Popular Brands and Dosages: This anti-inflammatory medicine Sulfasalazine is used in the following popular brand medicines as given below:
- Azulfidine: 500 mg
- Azulfidine EN: 500 mg
It is recommended to drink plenty of fluids while treating with this drug. It helps to prevent kidney stones.